Understanding Your Lease Agreement: Key Terms and Clauses Explained

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Since the existence of lease agreements, signing one, especially a rental lease agreement, has been a strenuous journey for most people. Knowing when rent is due is not being informed about a lease agreement; it is about arming yourself with the knowledge of how to navigate tenancy competently. Therefore, signing the deal is essential, irrespective of whether one is a landlord or tenant. Understanding these terms and clauses is very crucial when it comes to legal leasing.

It is essential to examine the primary legal concepts of India’s lease agreement and determine the importance of understanding them. 

Key Terms and Clauses in Lease Agreement

Establishing new and standard terms specific to an agreement assists in forming relations and plays an essential part in determining your wants and requirements.

  1. Lease Duration

The lease term constitutes the parameters of the premises’ renting period, specifying the agreement’s start date and the tenancy’s termination date. However, signing the lease agreement implies that the tenant will adhere to payment of rent at a specific date and time. In return, the landlord has decided not to increase the rent from the specified time limit. A short-term lease period will benefit renters who need the flexibility to move inshore time, but a longer lease duration provides the renters peace of mind and stability. 

  1. Rent

The lease and the space for rent agreements should define the rent amount when it becomes due and payment mode. However, to avoid the confusion and resolving the disputes with tenants, specify the details like:

  • Late fees on paying rent late and grade period 
  • Charges if rent check will bounce
  • Accepted mode of payment
  1. Security Deposit

The security deposit is the total amount of money paid by the tenant to the landlord at the start of the tenancy to cover potential damage. The renters should comprehend the conditions under which the security deposit is returned at the end of the lease period. Also, deductions may occur due to normal wear and tear. A general practice is charging one month’s rent as a security deposit in advance. 

  1. Outgoings

Outgoing expenses are relevant to landlords who run the building. The examples are council rates and cleaning. In the lease agreement, it is mandatory to state the amount you will pay for outgoings. It is a set proportion of yearly outgoings of the enhancement in outgoings from year to year. With a retail lease, the landlord must offer a breakdown of the estimate of outgoings in a disclosure statement. 

  1. Repairs and Maintenance

The best defense against rent withholding hassles and other issues (especially over security deposit) is to mention tenant duty for repair and maintenance. The legal lease agreement includes the following:

  • The tenant must send alert notifications about defective and dangerous conditions on rental premises with particular details about managing complaints and repair requests.
  • Placing the restrictions on tenant repairs and modifications like adding a dishwasher, installing an alarm system, and wall painting without the landlord’s consent.
  • Tenant’s duty to maintain the rental property and pay charges if any damages occur. 
  1. Subletting and Assignment

The subletting and assignment clause describes whether the tenant can sublet the rental property to another person or a new tenant. When you move before the lease agreement ends or want to rent out an individual room in a larger rental unit, assignment and subletting are ideal as long as the lease allows. Before signing a lease agreement, the renters should comprehend the landlord’s regulations regarding subletting and assignment. 

  1. Legal Cost 

Many retail lease legislations bar the landlord from being able to claim for legal expenses of the lease from the tenant about any preparation. Still, some states permit the landlord to regain the cost of moderating and altering the lease term. It is, therefore, suitable for the two parties to agree on the commercial lease terms so that they don’t spend much time negotiating the lease.

  1. Termination and Renewal

When choosing a place to live and signing a lease agreement, individuals usually do not consider the termination of the lease. However, it will surprise many that the termination and renewal terms are as vital as other lease sections. Standard form leases may contain provisions for what the procedure is if you cancel the lease or if the landlord does it, and also contain specifications on how the lease has to be renewed. 


These contractual provisions are in the landlord’s best favor, but since both parties have agreed on a mutual lease, the clauses’ requirements should be in both parties’ best interest. Conversely, the lessee must carefully read the clauses. A good lease agreement enables the landlord to have the security of income for the agreed lease period, and the leaseholder has the protection of the lease period even when the property’s value increases. So, if anyone is seeking the best property in Dehradun, visit Wfecity; we provide the best space for rent in prime localities.  

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